What is Efavir (Efavirenz) used for?
Efavir (Efavirenz) is an oral antiviral medication used to treat patients who have HIV. It operates by slowing the reproduction of HIV cells to allow the immune system to control the spread of infection. It should be noted that this treatment will not cure HIV and is only meant to prevent the deterioration of your condition. Your physician may also prescribe it to treat other unlisted conditions.
How should I use Efavir (Efavirenz) ?
Follow your physician's instructions while using Efavir (Efavirenz) to ensure the safest and most effective results from treatment. The typical dosage is one tablet taken once daily, but your particular directions will be based on your health condition and the severity of your symptoms. Swallow the tablets whole along with a large glass of water. They may be taken with or without food, but a meal or snack is recommended before use if you experience nausea. Never change the form of the tablets to avoid unintentionally destroying or altering the effects of their contents. Ask your physician or pharmacist any questions you have about the medicine to ensure the correct administration.
What are the side effects of Efavir (Efavirenz) ?
Side effects that may occur while using Efavir (Efavirenz) include:
Serious side effects that may require emergency medical attention include irregular heartbeats, chest pain, trouble swallowing, cold sores, signs of an infection, sores appearing around the genitals, an enlarged thyroid, loss of bladder control, a severe skin reaction, discolored stools, darkened urine, or jaundice. Contact your physician immediately if you experience any worrying or intense symptoms to ensure the correct response is taken to prevent further problems. This may include lower doses or reduced frequency of administration.
Efavir (Efavirenz) should not be used to treat patients who are lactose intolerant, children under three years old, or those who have decreased liver function. It is also important to disclose if you are elderly or have a history of seizures, a history of psychiatric illness, hepatitis B or C, liver disease, or severe kidney failure as these conditions may cause complications during treatment requiring special alterations to your regimen.
Strictly follow all instructions provided to you by your physician or pharmacist while using Efavir (Efavirenz). Optimum and safe dosage can differ based on the patient and the condition being treated.
As this medication may be unsafe for certain patients, it is essential you always inform your physician if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as if you have any allergies, other illnesses, or ongoing health conditions, and if you are taking any other form of medication, supplements, or herbal products.
Immediately seek emergency medical care if you have an allergic or hypersensitive reaction. Common signs of a reaction include hives, swelling, skin rashes, chest pains, as well as trouble breathing or swallowing.